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Saturday, July 25, 2020 | History

1 edition of Transitions from military rule in South America found in the catalog.

Transitions from military rule in South America

Michael Joseph Mitchell

Transitions from military rule in South America

the obligational legitimacy hypothesis

by Michael Joseph Mitchell

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Published by Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California .
Written in English


About the Edition

In recent years South America has witnessed a wave of transitions from military rule. These military regimes were different from past interventions in that the military came to power with their own agenda, not to specifically support an interest group, and they came to stay. This thesis examines the transition phenomenon from the military perspective, and hypothesize that these militaries chose to transition from power because of a breakdown in "obligational legitimacy" (a common identity within the military that justifies their right to rule). Specifically, a causal model in which obligational legitimacy is the dependent variable and nine causal conditions (both internal and external to the military organization) are the independent variables, is constructed and tested. This study considers the recent transitions in Argentina, Brazil, Peru, and Uruguay, and the non transition in Chile. It is concluded that a breakdown in obligational legitimacy is the key factor leading to the military"s decision to leave power. This perspective offers new insights for analysis of transitions, future transitions, and United States foreign policy options regarding military regimes, regimes in transition, and the new democracies of South America.

Edition Notes

StatementMichael Joseph Mitchell
ContributionsNaval Postgraduate School (U.S.)
The Physical Object
Pagination209 p. :
Number of Pages209
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25494116M

Latin America's Turbulent Transitions. likes. Latin America's Turbulent Transitions: The Future of 21st Century Socialism. A new book by Roger Burbach, Michael Fox and Federico Fuentes. Published    The Warrior to Work program is a veteran employment program that provides career guidance and support services to wounded warriors, their families, and caregivers interested in transitioning to the civilian workforce. They match a veteran’s skills and experience to the needs of hiring managers across the country. Hire ://

  No other book offers such aspiration for political expression puts the question of transitions from authoritarian rule toward democracy squarely back on the international agenda, and makes it timely to study how prior democratic transitions office as the first civilian president after two decades of military ://   Such works include the four volumes on Transitions from Authoritarian Rule edited by Guillermo O’Donnell, Philippe [End Page ] Schmitter, and Laurence Whitehead in the mids, and the work that Juan J. Linz and I published on Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation in the mids. Neither of these works analyzed a

Democracy in the developing world: Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East. Democratic Transitions and Structured Contingency Democratic transitions in comparative perspective Characteristics of democratic transitions Structured contingency Overall conclusions East and South East Asia Introduction Structural impediments to The generalizations offered by those scholars on the basis of changes that had taken place in some countries in Southern Europe and South America placed little emphasis on pressures from the masses and activity by popular organizations, such as labor unions, in democratic transitions (Collier, , 5, 5, ; Edles, , ).


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Transitions from military rule in South America by Michael Joseph Mitchell Download PDF EPUB FB2

In recent years South America has witnessed a wave of transitions from military rule. These military regimes were different from past interventions in that the military came to power with their own agenda, not to specifically support an interest group, and they came to stay.

This thesis examines the transition phenomenon from the In recent years South America has witnessed a wave of transitions from military rule. These military regimes were different from past interventions in that the military came to power with their own agenda, not to specifically support an interest group, and they came to stay.

This thesis examines the transition phenomenon from the military perspective, and hypothesize that these militaries   Legacies of Transitions: Institutionalization, the Military, and Democracy in South America Institutionalization, the Military, and Democracy in South America, Mershon International Studies Review, Volume 42 help to explain civil-military relations in five Latin American countries whose turn to democracy was preceded by military This book is part of an excellent 5 book series dealing with democratization.

In this particular tome, different perspectives are used to explain the transition from authoritarianism to democracy. The importance of international actors, bureaucracies, entrepreneurs, the military, and economic conditions are examined to explain how transitions This book which is a collection of some writings edited by Guillermo O'Donnell, Philippe Schmitter, and Laurence Whitehead is published as the result of international meeting/conference titled `Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Prospect of Democracy in Latin America and Southern Europe.' › Books › History › Americas.

Introduction. Latin America’s armed forces have played a central role in the region’s political history. This selective annotated bibliography focuses on key sources, with varying theoretical, empirical, and normative treatments of the military governments in the region, from the Cuban Revolution () until the end of the Cold War (–).

Military rule, political regime in which the military as an organization holds a preponderance of term military rule as used here is synonymous with military regime and refers to a subtype of authoritarian regime. For most of human history, attaching military to rule would have been redundant, because almost all political regimes in large-scale societies of the premodern period An ex-library book and may have standard library stamps and/or stickers.

At ThriftBooks, our motto is: Read More, Spend Less. Dual Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Institutionalized Regimes in Chile and Mexico, by Francisco E. Gonz?lez; Francisco Enrique Gonz?lez Gonz?lez A copy that has been read, but remains in excellent  › eBay › Books › Nonfiction.

Transitions from authoritarian rule: comparative perspectives Item Preview remove-circle Transitions from authoritarian rule: comparative perspectives by O'Donnell, Liberalization and democratization in South America / Robert R.

Kaufman -- Demilitarization and the institutionalization of military-dominated polities in Latin America O’Donnell, Guillermo, Philippe C. Schmitter, and Laurence Whitehead, eds. Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Prospects for Democracy. 4 vols.

Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, E-mail Citation» This is a classic comparative study of the transitions in Latin America and southern :// After examining national conferences, participants also identified other alternative routes to democracy: popular revolution, as in the recent case of Ethiopia; action taken by the military, as in Mali and Sierra Leone; top-down concessions, as in Swaziland and Senegal; the top-down concession of self-imposed transitions to civil rule by the   In the s, an extensive literature has emerged on transitions to democracy and democratic processes in Latin America.

Latin Americans and Latin Americanists have produced ground breaking works that have enhanced understanding of these subjects. A number of differences of opinion, usually implicit and not articulated, have :// Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation contains the first systematic comparative analysis of the process of democratic consolidation in southern Europe and the southern cone of South America, and it is the first book to ground post-Communist Europe within the literature of comparative politics and democratic  › Books › New, Used & Rental Textbooks › Social Sciences.

The book offers insights into more effective action in peacebuilding in light of the short-term negative effects that democratization can introduce. It is a thought-provoking work that seeks both to advance theory and to provide policy-relevant findings to facilitate Surprisingly though, Chile’s repressive military dictatorship and Mexico’s hegemonic civilian regime endured amid the economic chaos that rocked the region.

Dual Transitions from Authoritarian Rule explains why the regimes in these two nations survived the financial upheaval of the early s and how each progressed toward a more open   During the s, Latin America experienced the longest and deepest wave of democratization in its history.

The origins of this process of transformation are to be found in the interaction between domestic and international forces. At the international level, the key events were the oil shocks of the s, the related expansion of international lending, and the subsequent debt ://   A military dictatorship, also known as a military junta, is a dictatorship in which the military exerts complete or substantial control over political authority, and the dictator is often a high-ranked military officer.

The reverse situation is to have a civilian control of the military. Occasionally military dictatorship is called khakistocracy.

The term is a portmanteau word combining Dual Transitions from Authoritarian Rule explains why the regimes in these two nations survived the financial upheaval of the early s and how each progressed toward a more open, democratic, market-driven system in later years.

Using an in-depth comparative analysis of Chile and Mexico, Francisco González explains that the two governments   Dual Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Institutionalized Regimes in Chile and Mexico, – the s—the young but strongly institutionalized Chilean military regime more so than the aging, crisis-prone hegemonic PRI regime in Mexico.

Chile’s being the strongest military bureaucratic authoritarian regime in South America About the Edition. Separately published volume III of hardback edition Transitions From Authoritarian Rule: Prospects for Democracy, edited by Guillermo O'Donnell, Phillippe C.

Schmitter, and Laurence Whitehead, Baltimore:Johns Hopkins University Press. Summary of Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe By Juan J. Linz and Alfred C. Stepan Summary written by Eric Brahm, Conflict Research Consortium Citation: Linz, Juan J., and Alfred C.

Stepan. Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post-CommunistLatin America's region-wide economic collapse had a drastic effect on governments throughout Central and South America, leading many to the verge of failure and pushing several of the most stridently authoritarian—Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Uruguay—over the brink.

Surprisingly though, Chile's repressive military dictatorship and Mexico's hegemonic civilian regime endured amid the   The South Korean military coup of 16 May held promise for installing an effective authoritarian regime. No military coup is free from some violence, arrests, and other means of conflict and repression.

By these standards, this coup entailed rather low levels of violence or other forms of resistance. The new government repressed the